Taxation for non residents taxpayers in Spain

Taxation of urban buildings owned by non-resident individuals

1.- GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

If you are classified as a non-resident in Spain for tax purposes but you own urban real estate in this country then you are obliged to pay non-resident income tax and a local property tax.

Temporarily, the Wealth Tax for financial years 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 have also been reestablished.

1.1. REPRESENTATIVE

Except in cases of residents in countries or territories with which an effective exchange of tax information does not exist, there is no obligation to appoint an agent to act before the Tax Authorities. Nevertheless, should you choose to do so, you may appoint whoever you wish, and should communicate this appointment to the Branch or Administration of the Tax Agency corresponding to the location of the property.

1.2. PERSONAL TAX ID (NIF)

In Spain everybody is assigned a Tax Identification Number, which must appear on all tax returns and in all communications with the Tax Authorities.

In general, for people with Spanish nationality, the NIF (Personal Tax ID) is the number of their Spanish National ID (DNI); for people without Spanish nationality, the NIF is their Foreign National ID (NIE). This identification is processed by the Police General Directorate. However, those foreign citizens who do not have a NIE (Foreign National ID), either temporarily or permanently, since they are not required to have one, should request a NIF (Personal Tax ID) be assigned to them by the tax authorities in order to complete tax operations.

2.- NON-RESIDENT INCOME TAX

When the property belongs to a married couple, or to more than one person, each person is an independent taxpayer, and must file an individual tax return.

Depending on the use of the property, the taxes to which it is liable are:

2.1. INCOME CALCULATED ON URBAN PROPERTY FOR PERSONAL USE.

The amount to declare will be that resulting from applying the following percentages to the assessed value of the property as shown on the Property Tax bill (IBI):

  • In general, 2%.
  • In the case of properties where the assessed value has been revised or modified since 1 January 1994, the percentage will be 1.1%.

This yield is calculated once per year, on 31 December.

If you have not been the owner of the property during the whole year, or if it has been rented for any period, only the proportional part of this amount is declared.

Tax rate:

Year of return

2012-2014

Tax rate

24.75%

Form: form 210, recording income type 02.

  • Means of filing:
– on paper, generated by printing a form completed on the Tax Agency website.

– Electronically, via the Internet.

Filing deadline: during the whole calendar year following the accrual date.

Direct debit payment of the tax debt: In the case of electronic filing, payment can be made by direct debit until 23 December.

2.2. INCOMES ON RENTED BUILDINGS

The amount to declare is the entire amount received from the tenant, without deducting any costs.

Nevertheless, as we are dealing with taxpayers resident in another European Union member state, the expenses described in the Law on Personal Income Tax (IRPF) can be deducted when calculating the taxable base, as long as proof is provided that these expenses are directly related to income earned in Spain and have a direct economic connection that is inseparable from the activity carried out in Spain.

This amount is understood to have become liable for taxation at the moment that it is demandable by the lessor or on the date that it is collected, if this is earlier.

Tax rate:

Year of return

2012-2014

Tax rate

24.75%

Form: form 210, recording income type 01.

This shall be used to declare each income sum separately as well as to declare several different incomes obtained in a specific period as a group.

Several different incomes earned by the same taxpayer may be grouped together so long as they correspond to the same income type code, come from the same payer, the same tax rate is applicable to them and if they derive from an asset or entitlement, that they come from the same asset or entitlement.

The grouping period will be quarterly in the case of self-assessment with taxes owing, or annual in the case of self-assessment resulting in zero charge or refunds due.

Means of filing:

– on paper, generated by printing a form completed on the Tax Agency website.

– Electronically, via the Internet.

Filing deadline: depends on the self-assessment result:

  • With taxes owing: within the first twenty calendar days of the months of April, July, October and January in relation to the income whose accrual date falls within the previous calendar quarter.

Direct debit payment of the tax debt: in the case of electronic filing, the payment can be paid by direct debit between the 1 and 15 of the months of April, July, October and January.

  • With zero charge: from 1 to 20 January of the year following the accrual year for the declared income.
  • With a refund due: as of 1 February of the year following the accrual of the income declared and within a period of four years from the end of the period for filing the return and depositing the withholding. The deadline for filing the self-assessment will be understood to conclude on the date it is filed.

2.3. NET GAINS DERIVED FROM THE SALE OF BUILDINGS.

This is taxable income on the capital gains obtained from the sale of real estate. This income shall be deemed accrued when the property is transferred.

In general, the amount of the capital gain is determined by the difference between the cost price and transfer value of the property.

The cost price consists of the real cost price of the property involved, plus all costs and taxes arising, excluding interest, paid by the transferor. Depending on the year of purchase, this value is corrected by the application of an updating coefficient which is established annually, in accordance with the General State Budget Act.

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If the building being transferred had been rented, the value determined should be reduced by the amount of the depreciation corresponding to the rental period. This depreciation will also be updated in accordance with the year to which it corresponds.

The transfer value is the real amount for which the disposal was made, reduced by the amount of any costs or taxes related to the transfer paid by the seller.

As a result, the capital gain which will be taxed consists of the difference between the transfer value and the cost price, determined as described above.

Nevertheless, if the property is transferred by an individual who purchased it prior to 31 December 1994, net gains will be subject to a transitory scheme and the previously calculated figure will be reduced.

If the transferor acquired the property on two separate dates or the property has been renovated, calculations must be made as if there were two net gains.

  • Tax rate:

Year of return

2012-2014

Tax rate

21%

The person acquiring the building, whether resident or non-resident, shall be obliged to withhold 3% of the agreed payment and deposit it with the Public Treasury. For the seller, this withholding acts as a payment on account of capital gains tax arising from the transaction. Therefore, the purchaser will give a copy of form 211 (used to deposit the withholding) to the non-resident seller, so that the seller can deduct this withholding from the tax to be paid as a result of the tax arising from the capital gain. Should the amount retained be greater than the tax liability, it is possible to obtain a refund of the difference.

If the withholding is not paid, the real estate will be liable for payment of the lowest amount between the withholding and the corresponding tax.

Tax Return Form:

  • Form 210,  stating the rate of income 28.

Means of filing:

– on paper, generated by printing the form completed in on Tax Agency website.

– Electronically, via the Internet.

When the building being transferred is jointly owned by a married couple where both partners are non-resident, exceptionally it will be possible to file a single tax return.

Time period: three months from the end of the period that the person acquiring the building has to deposit the withholding.

Refund of excess withholdings In the event of capital gains loss, or in the event of a withholding greater than the amount that should have been deposited, there is a right to a refund of the excess amount retained. The refund procedure is initiated by filing the tax return form.

Read more: Tax Agency Key Questions

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Ask us: info@asesoriafiscalponte.com

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